Gingivitis Early Periodontitis Moderate Periodontitis Severe Periodontitis How to Prevent Periodontal Disease

What are the 4 stages of Periodontal Disease? Long Beach Dental Health

 

Periodontal disease is a serious infection of the gums and tissues that support the teeth. It is caused by bacteria in plaque, a sticky film that constantly forms on our teeth. If not treated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss.

There are four stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis, slight periodontitis, moderate periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of the disease and can be reversed with good oral hygiene. The other three stages are progressively more serious and can eventually lead to tooth loss if not treated.

Gingivitis

 

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. It is characterized by inflammation of the gums. This can cause them to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Gingivitis is usually caused by plaque buildup on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Gingivitis is usually reversible with good oral hygiene. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and getting regular dental cleanings. If gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to periodontitis.

Periodontitis is the second stage of periodontal disease. It is characterized by damage to the tissues and bones that support the teeth. This can cause the teeth to become loose or even fall out. Periodontitis is usually caused by plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth. It can also be caused by other factors such as smoking or diabetes.

Periodontitis can be treated with a deep cleaning called scaling and root planing. This procedure removes plaque and tartar from your teeth and gums.  Look to your Long Beach Dental Health professional for the option that is right for you.

Early Periodontitis

Early Periodontitis: This is the earliest stage of periodontal disease. At this stage, the gums may be red and swollen, and they may bleed when brushed. There may also be some minor bone loss around the teeth. However, the damage at this stage is usually not severe and can be reversed with proper dental care.

Moderate Periodontitis: This is the second stage of periodontal disease. At this stage, the gums are more inflamed and there is more bone loss around the teeth. The teeth may also become loose and start to shift in the mouth. This stage of periodontal disease can be difficult to treat, but it is still possible to reverse the damage with proper dental care.

Severe Periodontitis: This is the most advanced stage of periodontal disease. At this stage, there is significant bone loss around the teeth and the teeth may fall out or need to be removed. This stage of periodontal disease is very difficult to treat and often requires surgery to correct the damage.

Moderate Periodontitis

Moderate periodontitis is the second stage of periodontal disease. This stage is characterized by the inflammation of the gums and the loss of bone around the teeth. Moderate periodontitis can be caused by plaque buildup, gingivitis, or a combination of both.

The most common symptoms of moderate periodontitis include bleeding gums, receding gums, bad breath, and loose teeth. If left untreated, moderate periodontitis can lead to severe periodontitis, which can eventually lead to tooth loss.

Treatment for moderate periodontitis typically involves a deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing. This procedure removes plaque and tartar from the teeth and roots. In some cases, antibiotics may also be prescribed to help clear up the infection.

Severe Periodontitis

Severe periodontitis is an advanced form of periodontal disease. The gums and bone around the teeth become very infected. This can lead to tooth loss.

This serious condition that needs to be treated by a dentist. If left untreated, it can lead to more serious health problems.

Treatment for severe periodontitis includes deep cleaning, antibiotics, and surgery. In some cases, the teeth may need to be removed.

Severe periodontitis is a preventable condition. Good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups can help to prevent it from developing.

How to Prevent Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a serious condition that can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to prevent periodontal disease.

The first step is to practice good oral hygiene. This means brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash. It’s also important to see your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.

If you have diabetes, it’s important to keep your blood sugar under control. High blood sugar levels can contribute to periodontal disease.

Smoking is also a risk factor for periodontal disease. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your oral health.

Following these steps can help you prevent periodontal disease and keep your teeth healthy.

What are next steps?

If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease, there are a few things you can do to treat it and prevent it from getting worse.

First, you will need to see a dentist or periodontist for a professional cleaning. This will remove the tartar and plaque from your teeth and gums. You may also need to have some deep cleanings done, which go below the gum line to remove bacteria.

You will also need to take good care of your teeth at home. This means brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash. You may also need to use special toothpastes and mouthwashes that are designed for people with periodontal disease.  Your Long Beach Dental Health professional will advise you.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat periodontal disease. This could involve grafting tissue onto the gums or removing the diseased tissue. Your dentist or periodontist will be able to tell you if surgery is an option for you.

Periodontal disease is a serious condition, but it is treatable. If you are diagnosed with it, be sure to follow your treatment plan and see Dr Anthony Mark Saad regularly. With proper treatment, you can keep your teeth and gums healthy.

Dr Anthony Mark Saad has been providing residents of Long Beach, Los Angeles and Orange County with the most modern dental solutions for a healthy smile.


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